Performed to music of the same name, the Samba is a lively and rhythmical dance of Brazilian origin. The dance dates back to the later part of the 19th century. The Samba is a Latino adaptation of an Afro-American couples dance called the capoeira.

To perform this robust dance, three steps are performed to every bar of music. By following the dance to the music, the Samba has become a timed dance, similar to European ballroom dances. In the folk version of Samba, the couples dance navel to navel, keeping their bodies in a tight unit.

The dance utilizes fast motions, swirling twists, and outstretched arms for emotion during the performance. The physical closeness of the partners has giving Samba a reputation as a dance for lovers. Additionally, singing has always traditionally accompanied Samba music and dance, thus enabling the dance to act as a story-telling medium.

The Samba has evolved over time and morphed into various sub-genres. Most notable sub-genres are Samba-rap, Samba-rock, and Samba-reggae. In these variations, the Samba combines with various popular Caribbean entertainment media. Samba-rap began in the 1980s with the goal to unite Afro-Caribbean people in songs that encourage pride and speak out against injustices. Samba-rock began in the 1960s and Samba-reggae began in the 1970s with much the same purpose.

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Also known as 
Samba no pé, Samba de Gafieira, Samba Pagode, Samba Axé, Samba-rock, Samba de roda, Samba-rap, Samba-reggae 

Region of origin: 

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